Question: What Problems Does Spina Bifida Cause?

Can babies born with spina bifida walk?

People affected by spina bifida get around in different ways.

These include walking without any aids or assistance; walking with braces, crutches or walkers; and using wheelchairs.

People with spina bifida higher on the spine (near the head) might have paralyzed legs and use wheelchairs..

Does spina bifida affect intelligence?

Some babies with spina bifida have hydrocephalus (excess fluid on the brain), which can damage the brain and cause further problems. Many people with spina bifida and hydrocephalus will have normal intelligence, although some will have learning difficulties, such as: a short attention span. difficulty solving problems.

How does spina bifida affect the body?

Types of Spina Bifida Part of the spinal cord and nerves are in this sac and are damaged. This type of spina bifida causes moderate to severe disabilities, such as problems affecting how the person goes to the bathroom, loss of feeling in the person’s legs or feet, and not being able to move the legs.

Is Spina Bifida a disability?

A congenital disorder present from birth, spina bifida can cause growth impairments, musculoskeletal deformities, neurological disorders, and intellectual deficits, among other complications. … As such, spina bifida can qualify children and adults for disability benefits from the Social Security Administration (SSA).

Is Spina Bifida hereditary?

Inheritance. Most cases of spina bifida are sporadic, which means they occur in people with no history of the disorder in their family. A small percentage of cases have been reported to run in families; however, the condition does not have a clear pattern of inheritance.

What is the main cause of spina bifida?

Scientists suspect the factors that cause spina bifida are multiple: genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors all play a role. Research studies indicate that insufficient intake of folic acid—a common B vitamin—in the mother’s diet is a key factor in causing spina bifida and other neural tube defects.

Is Spina Bifida painful?

Adults with Spina Bifida and specifically Spina Bifida Occulta often experience pain.

Who is most at risk for spina bifida?

obesity – women who are obese (have a body mass index of 30 or more) are more likely to have a child with spina bifida than those of average weight. diabetes – women with diabetes may have an increased risk of having a child with spina bifida.

Can a person with spina bifida have a baby?

Spina bifida causes nerve damage that can affect sexual functioning. Most people with spina bifida are fertile, and can have children.

Does spina bifida affect the brain?

Spina bifida can affect how your baby’s brain, spine, spinal cord and meninges develop. Meninges are the tissues that cover and protect the brain and the spinal cord. The neural tube starts out as a tiny, flat ribbon that turns into a tube. NTDs happen if the tube doesn’t close completely.

Does spina bifida shorten lifespan?

With modern treatment, almost all children with myelomeningocele survive and most are able to live productive lives with some degree of independence. Even with these treatments, however, most have some degree of permanent leg paralysis and often difficulties with bowel and bladder function.

Can spina bifida occulta cause problems later in life?

Many times, Spina Bifida Occulta is not discovered until late childhood or adulthood. This type of spina bifida usually does not cause any disabilities. There are forms of Spina Bifida Occulta that do cause problems.

Can spina bifida be corrected?

Treatment. Currently, there is no cure for spina bifida, but there are a number of treatments available to help manage the disease and prevent complications. In some cases, if diagnosed before birth, the baby can undergo surgery while still in the womb in an effort to repair or minimize the spinal defect.

Does spina bifida get worse with age?

People with spina bifida experience the usual manifestations of age, but since spina bifida puts pressure on many body systems, age-related declines in affected areas may occur sooner or be more severe. Shunt failure happens to adults, even those whose shunts have not been working for years.

How long do spina bifida patients live?

The death rate from age 5 to 40 years in people with treated open spina bifida is 10 times the national average. Many deaths are sudden and unexpected. Survival to age 40 can be predicted from the neurological deficit at birth.

What are the long term effects of spina bifida?

Individuals born with spina bifida (myelomeningocele) face serious physical and social consequences, including paralysis, insensate skin, and potential social ostracism associated with loss of bowel and bladder control. Over time, muscle paralysis can produce contractures, joint dislocations, and spinal deformity.

Can you live a normal life with spina bifida?

“Most do well in school, and many play in sports. Because of today’s medicine, about 90% of babies born with Spina Bifida now live to be adults, about 80% have normal intelligence and about 75% play sports and do other fun activities.”