What Are Some Examples Of Intellectual Disabilities?

At what age can intellectual disability be diagnosed?

Intellectual disability is diagnosed before the age of 18.

Most children with intellectual disabilities can learn a great deal and as adults may have partially or even fully independent lives..

What are the most common intellectual disabilities?

Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability include fetal alcohol syndrome; genetic and chromosomal conditions, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome; and certain infections during pregnancy. Children who have a sibling with autism are at a higher risk of also having autism spectrum disorder.

What are the signs of intellectual disability in adults?

Such challenges may include the following:Memory problems.Attention problems.Difficulties interacting socially.Impaired self-esteem or lowered sense of self-worth.Difficulties finding and maintain employment as adults.Being unable to live on one’s own due to required assistance and supervision.More items…•

Is OCD an intellectual disability?

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) are known to occur in patients with intellectual disability and at rates least proportional to the general population but often the developmental disabilities and lack of communication in these patients make it difficult to diagnose and assess the disorder and hence go undetected and …

What is borderline intellectual disability?

Borderline intellectual functioning, also called borderline mental retardation (in the ICD-8), is a categorization of intelligence wherein a person has below average cognitive ability (generally an IQ of 70–85), but the deficit is not as severe as intellectual disability (below 70).

What is mental retardation and types?

The onset of the condition occurs during the developmental period, i.e., gestation through age 18 years. Mental retardation comprises five general categories: borderline, mild, moderate, severe and profound. Categories are based on scores obtained through use of age-standardized tests of cognitive ability (Table 1).

What are considered intellectual disabilities?

Intellectual disability1 involves problems with general mental abilities that affect functioning in two areas: intellectual functioning (such as learning, problem solving, judgement) adaptive functioning (activities of daily life such as communication and independent living)

How do you identify an intellectual disability?

Intellectual functioning, or IQ, is usually measured by a test called an IQ test. The average score is 100. People scoring below 70 to 75 are thought to have an intellectual disability. To measure adaptive behavior, professionals look at what a child can do in comparison to other children of his or her age.

How do you deal with intellectual disability?

10 Tips for Working With People With Intellectual DisabilitiesDo not call them kids. … Use clear, simplified language and try speaking slower, not louder. … Set expectations. … Treat them as you would your peers. … Draw boundaries. … Ask them their thoughts and allow them to answer.More items…

Is Autism considered an intellectual disability?

About 1% of the general population is thought to have intellectual disability, and about 10% of individuals with intellectual disability have Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or autistic traits. However, a much higher percentage of individuals with ASD have intellectual disability3.

Which of the following is an example of intellectual disability?

Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome are examples of syndromic intellectual disabilities. Intellectual disability affects about 2–3% of the general population. Seventy-five to ninety percent of the affected people have mild intellectual disability.

Can intellectual disability be cured?

Intellectual disability is not a disease and cannot be cured, however early diagnosis and ongoing interventions can improve adaptive functioning throughout one’s childhood and into adulthood. With ongoing support and interventions, children with intellectual disability can learn to do many things.

What IQ is considered an intellectual disability?

The average IQ is 100, with the majority of people scoring between 85 and 115. A person is considered intellectually disabled if they have an IQ of less than 70 to 75.

How does intellectual disability affect learning?

Children with intellectual disabilities (sometimes called cognitive disabilities or mental retardation) may take longer to learn to speak, walk, and take care of their personal needs such as dressing or eating. They are likely to have trouble learning in school. They will learn, but it will take them longer.

What are the 4 levels of an intellectual disability?

There are four levels of ID:mild.moderate.severe.profound.

How does intellectual disability affect a person?

Intellectual disability (or ID) is a term used when a person has certain limitations in cognitive functioning and skills, including communication, social and self-care skills. These limitations can cause a child to develop and learn more slowly or differently than a typically developing child.

What is the IQ level for intellectual disability?

Historically, intellectual disability (previously termed “mental retardation”) has been defined by significant cognitive deficits—which has been established through a standardized measure of intelligence, in particular, with an IQ score of below 70 (two standard deviations below the mean of 100 in the population)—and …